Stage Championships – Rules
2017 IJA Stage Championships Rules
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Competitors are required to read the below rules in full, to ensure that routines meet all guidelines and requirements of the IJA Stage Championships.
The IJA Stage Championships finals are held every year during the annual IJA Festival. Tickets for the final round of competitions are sold to the public.
The IJA Stage Championships consist of three events:
1. Individuals – solo juggling routines
2. Teams – routines involving two or more jugglers
3. Juniors – solo juggling routines for jugglers under 18 years old
1. Upload your video to YouTube or Vimeo, according to the directions in the Preliminaries section below. You are responsible for ensuring that any music you use complies with the IJA Music Policy.
2. Pay the $25 Entry Fee.
3. Complete the Stage Championships Entry Form.
Finalists will be announced by June 12, 2017.
The deadline for submitting your video entry is May 15.
The 2017 Stage Championships will be held in the Paramount Theater, 123 3rd Ave SE, Cedar Rapids, IA 52401. The following information is provided as an approximate reference only. For full theater details, please download the technical information packet below.
Stage width: 40 feet (12.2 meters)
Stage depth: 40 feet (12.2 meters)
Stage height: 40 feet (12.2 meters)
Check back soon for details on how to apply to compete.
The prize money listed above for Teams is the full amount that will be awarded to the team, regardless of the number of jugglers in the team.
If only two entrants qualify for the finals in any event, then no third place medal or third place prize money will be awarded in that event. If only one entrant qualifies for the finals in any event, then that entrant wins the gold medal and associated prizes, and no second or third place medals or prizes are awarded in that event.
If there is an exact tie for first, second, or third place – even after the tie-breaker is applied (see “Scoring” section below) – then the appropriate higher medal will be awarded to all tied entrants, while prize money for multiple places will be split among the tied entrants. For example, in the event of a two-way tie for first place in Individuals, each of the two first-place competitors would receive a Gold medal plus $1500 (i.e. half of $2000 for first, plus half of $1000 for second); no Silver medal would be awarded; the Bronze and $500 would be awarded to the third-place competitor.
All monetary prizes for IJA competitions are in US dollars and will only be paid via check, PayPal, or bank/wire transfer. Prize winners will need to supply the necessary information for their chosen form of payment. The IJA will need the following for each payment type:
- Check: Legal first and last name or legal business name
- PayPal: The email address associated with the recipient’s PayPal account
- Bank/wire transfer: Legal first and last name or legal business name; bank name, address, phone number; the routing number (the number that identifies the bank); and the winner’s account number
Special guests of the Festival who are receiving compensation in exchange for performing or teaching workshops at the festival are not permitted to compete in the Championships. Such compensation may include, for example, a complimentary Festival admission package, a performance or teaching fee, and/or reimbursement for travel or housing.
- On YouTube, under “Basic info” select “Unlisted” rather than “Public” or “Private”; then within “Advanced settings”, under “Distribution options”, make sure that “Allow embedding” is enabled.
- On Vimeo, click “Settings” under your video on the video page, then click the “Privacy” tab and select “Only people with a password.” If you have a Vimeo Plus, PRO, or Business account, you can choose “Only people with the private link” instead.
Please do not post the URL publicly or on social media. If any part of the video upload process is an obstacle to your entry, please notify the Championships director(s) as soon as possible.
The entry must be one unedited single-camera shot. Video submission must be in “landscape” aspect ratio, not “portrait” – in other words, if the video is shot using a phone, make sure to orient the phone horizontally, NOT vertically while recording. Additionally, videos must be of high enough quality that the performer and props are clearly visible – for example, do not shoot white props against a white background! Zooming in and out is permitted. Explanatory text accompanying an entry will not be seen by the prelims judges. Material that is not intended to be considered as part of the routine should not be included in the video; that is, the video should begin just before the start of the routine, and should end just after the conclusion of the routine.
The routine as shown in the video should resemble the stage act as closely as possible in all aspects, including costume, props, set elements, assistants, and music, including whether the music is performed live or is recorded. Allowances will be made for technical limitations; for example, if you cannot create theatrical lighting effects on the video but would like to use them in your stage act.
All IJA Stage Championships competitors are responsible for complying with the IJA Stage Championships Rules and the IJA Music Policy.
The Championships Director may accept all applicants into competition or may ask five preliminary judges to narrow the selection for any or all of the competition categories (Juniors, Teams, and Individuals). Each preliminaries judge will be given time to evaluate all the acts independently. They will then return scores to the director, keeping a record of their own scores and keeping their scores and opinions confidential. The Championships Director will compile scores and choose competitors based on the top combined scores. The director will then forward the results to each of the preliminaries judges, showing all scores and computations. Once all judges have confirmed the accuracy of their scores, all entrants will be notified of whether they qualified for the final competition or not. Prelims scores, rankings, and judging notes if any will be withheld until the IJA Stage Competitions, after which they will be available, on request, to anyone who submitted a prelims video whether or not that video qualified for competition.
The maximum number of competitors will be determined based on the time and resources of the festival. The Championships Director, in conjunction with the Festival Director, will determine this number. The scoring system for finals (described below) is also used for the preliminaries; the only difference is that whereas seven judges are used in the finals, five are used for preliminaries. (High and low score per category are eliminated in both cases, so here the middle three are averaged instead of the middle five.)
Finalist registration videos, submitted during preliminary competition, must remain available to view by judges through the completion of the stage competition finals. Should the need arise, this enables judges to review and verify that no significant performance change or team member substitution has been made between the preliminary and finals competition.
In the IJA’s ongoing efforts to document and preserve the history of juggling, especially the activities of the IJA, videos submitted for the preliminary competitions will be downloaded and preserved in the IJA Archives. If the preliminary competition video is not in a downloadable format, the entrant agrees to provide the IJA with a physical or downloadable copy of the prelim entry. Preliminary entries will be maintained in the Archives, but will not be made available for public viewing without prior permission of the entrant.
Every finals act is required to be similar in spirit to its preliminaries video. It need not be trick-for-trick identical in the finals as compared with prelims, but it should feel like basically the same routine. A competitor who intentionally changes his or her act in a significant way from the preliminaries may be disqualified at the discretion of the Championships Director.
The goal of the IJA Stage Competitions is to reward a stage-performed juggling act that is entertaining and marketable to a broad audience. As juggling is an ever-changing and broadening field of skilled prop manipulation, there is no limit on the choice of props; however, the majority of the act must involve the manipulation of objects in a manner that would best be described as juggling, as opposed to by a well-known other specific name. In other words, we encourage competitors to expand our preconceptions of juggling, but the IJA stage competition is a venue for acts that primarily present juggling; not for acts that primarily present prop manipulation in forms that already have their own competitions elsewhere. Non-juggling skills will be judged only in so far as they directly enhance the overall entertainment value of the routine or the extent to which, when combined with juggling, they increase the difficulty or risk of the juggling. Acts that are not primarily perceived as juggling may be disqualified from competition by a majority vote of the preliminary judges or at the director’s discretion.
Competitors are to have a prepared, polished juggling routine, running within the time limits of the competition, with few drops. Competitors are permitted to include in their routine one or more assistants who do not juggle, regardless of which competition category (Teams, Juniors, or Individuals) they are in. Competitors are expected to behave in a professional manner, and to inform the Championships Director beforehand of any unusual needs or problems with a routine. Professional practices include knowing the rules; abiding by the schedule; being on time for all registrations, preliminaries, rehearsals, performances and awards ceremonies; respecting the rights of others; and conducting oneself in a gracious manner.
No object may be intentionally juggled in an unsafe manner or thrown or kicked off the front of the stage. Fire and incendiary devices of any kind are not permitted. Acts must not damage the performance area in any way. Language that is likely to be considered offensive by a family audience is expressly forbidden, whether visually displayed, spoken, or played in recorded sound effects or music. The Championships Director reserves the right to veto any prop or portion of a routine that may jeopardize the professionalism of the championships or the safety or property of the audience, the championships personnel, or the theater.
The minimum time for all competition routines is five minutes. Juniors performances have a maximum time limit of seven minutes. Individuals and Teams performances have a maximum time limit of eight minutes.
In the event that any rule listed here is violated, either by a competitor or by anyone else associated with the competitions, the appropriate action to be taken will be decided exclusively by the Championships Director. The Championships Director will also decide the outcome of any dispute that may arise concerning either interpretation of these rules or circumstances not covered by these rules. Decisions of the Championships Director in these matters are final.
The IJA will provide stagehands to assist the competitors in setting and removing props. Each competitor in Juniors and Individuals and each team may authorize up to two additional people, such as coaches, parents, translators, or prop assistants, for backstage access. Security passes may be required for everyone permitted backstage.
Competitors may ask the Championships Director to authorize additional backstage passes if necessary. The decision to grant them, however, is at the Championships Director’s sole discretion.
The IJA will endeavor to provide a high-quality stage for the competitions, but no explicit guarantees are made concerning characteristics of the performance area. For example, competitors are advised to provide their own bounce slabs and to be prepared to cope with possibly adverse lighting conditions or uneven ceiling heights.
Judges are to look for both good and bad qualities. It is important for judges to evaluate the whole routine and not overemphasize one point so that it becomes the prime issue. Judges should be honest with themselves and not worry about what others may think or decide. Judges should train themselves to be consistent. All competitors should receive the same appreciation and consideration. Marking a score differently than what one really feels (too high or too low) could unfairly affect the final outcome for another competitor. Judges may also prepare comments to give the competitors feedback on their routines. These comments are not part of the official scoring system.
Judges are responsible for reading and understanding all rules before the competition.
Judges should make themselves available to competitors after the competition for further explanation and suggestions for improvement. All scores are anonymous. Preliminaries judges must keep their opinions and scores confidential until after the competition is complete. After the finals, prelims and finals judges are welcome to discuss their opinions with competitors but are asked not to disclose which scores they gave.
All concerns and questions should be addressed to the Championships Director or to an individual designated by the Championships Director.
(a) Team acts should involve significant juggling and performance interactions among the team members. Significant interactions include any kind of passing or exchanging of props among members, as well as synchronous or coordinated juggling among members.
(b) All team members should make a significant contribution to the act.
The Presentation category includes criteria for judging how well Teams follow these guidelines.
Each competition (Juniors, Individuals, and Teams) is judged separately from one another, regardless of whether they are presented separately or intermixed.
Judges are expected to compare competitors to an absolute scale, not against the other competitors. Judges should not rank routines. Instead, they should score each routine against an absolute standard in the six categories below, determined by the judge’s previous experience and knowledge of the field.
Judges assign each of the six categories a score on a scale of 0 to 10, in whole numbers, to denote the following:
0 = No Achievement or Attempt
1 = Dismal
2 = Very Poor
3 = Poor
4 = Adequate
5 = Average
6 = Good
7 = Very Good
8 = Excellent
9 = Outstanding
10 = Perfect
The scores in each category are then multiplied to weight their importance in determining the final scores. The categories and weights are as follows. Descriptions are below.
The scores in each category are then multiplied to weight their importance in determining the final scores. The categories and weights are as follows. Descriptions are below.
| Total Possible
|Representation of Juggling||1.0||10|
Entertainment Value: overall appeal of the act. Judges are free to apply their own personal preferences in this category; at their discretion, they may also take into consideration the audience’s response. They are not expected to evaluate the act’s appeal for a hypothetical audience that is not actually present.
Execution: how well the performance accomplished what the routine set out to do. High marks are awarded for completion of tricks without hesitation or awkwardness (but note that competitors are not penalized for deliberate pauses or drops). Drops lower the score, of course. Form and technique should be considered as well.
Juggling Difficulty: difficulty of juggling tricks performed successfully, as well as the inherent difficulty of the prop used. This score should represent the average difficulty of the entire routine, not just the difficulty of its hardest trick. Degree of difficulty is determined by the type and number of objects juggled; the speed of the juggling; the types of throws, catches, balances, or other object manipulations; the complexity of combinations of juggling tricks; and the transitions between juggling tricks. Non-juggling skills are not relevant in this category except for their impact on the difficulty of any juggling performed at the same time.
Juggling Creativity: innovation in tricks, props, and approaches to juggling. This category specifically rewards creativity in juggling; creativity in the non-juggling aspects of the routine do not contribute here, but may be recognized in the Entertainment Value or Presentation scores.
Presentation: extent to which all aspects of the performance are integrated into a coherent routine. This is non-juggling props and circus skills, in addition to the juggling itself. Note that the only element of a routine that is required is juggling; other elements may either enhance or detract from the performance and should be scored accordingly.
Additionally, in the Teams competition, the Presentation score should reflect the degree to which the routine integrates all team members and follows the guidelines for team competition, above.
Representation of Juggling: Judges use this special category to determine whether each act is a good representation of juggling, even if it incorporates other skills. This category is intended to ask: “is this basically a juggling routine, as opposed to some other kind of routine?” It is not asking: “is every moment of this routine juggling?”
Each judge is required to score independently. Judges record their scores and write comments for each act immediately after the completion of the act. All scores are to be turned over to the scorekeeper before the next act begins and may not be changed after submission.
The Drop Counters count the drop events in each routine. A drop event occurs when a competitor loses control of one or more props that fall to the floor. Regardless of how many props hit the floor, the loss of control is counted as a single drop event. The Drop Counters give their drop counts to the judges for consideration before the judges submit their scores. It is up to the judges to determine how much the drops affect the scores; the counts simply serve as a reminder.
The Timer measures and records the completion time of each act. The act is considered to begin when anything changes; if movement is made, lights or video change, or recorded music or sound is heard. The act is considered to have ended whenever the performer strikes a pose, takes a bow, or leaves the stage, and does no further performing afterward. If the competitor goes over/under time, the following points will automatically be deducted from the final score. This is a systematic deduction and is not within the responsibilities or control of the judges.
For every second over the maximum time or under the minimum time, the score deduction will be calculated by squaring the number of seconds over or under, dividing the result by 100, and then rounding to the nearest tenth of a point. At 61 seconds over or under, the competitor is disqualified.
The scorekeeper is responsible for overseeing the score data entry and calculations. The lowest and highest scores within each category are discarded, and the remaining five scores (remaining three in prelims) are averaged together, then multiplied by the corresponding weights, and added together to produce the final score. The competitor with the highest score wins first place, the competitor with the second highest score wins second place, and the competitor with the third highest score wins third place.
In the event of a tie, the final categorical scores for the competitors with equal scores will be recalculated with all the judges’ scores in each category, including the highest and lowest scores that were previously omitted. This recalculation will determine who wins the tie. If the scores are still tied after the recalculation, a tie will be declared and multiple medals will be awarded for the same place. In the event of a two-way tie for first place, no second place will be awarded. In the event of a three- (or more) way tie for first place, no second or third places will be awarded. In the event of a two- (or more) way tie for second place, no third place will be awarded.
At least one of the five preliminaries judges will be present at the competition to confirm that the final act differed in no major way from the preliminary act. If a preliminaries judge feels the competitor has intentionally changed his act between the preliminaries and the finals, the Championships Director will be notified. It is the decision of the Championships Director as to whether or not the competitor will be disqualified. The Championships Director will not have the opportunity to make the decision unless the preliminaries judge raises the issue.
Following the competition, the judges will be required to confirm all of their scores are correct. This time is to be used to confirm scores. This time is not to be used to discuss, debate, or change scores. Winners will not be announced until the judges confirm their scores.
All scores with complete breakdowns may be posted at the festival and on the IJA website. All competitors will receive a copy of the scorecards and comments for their preliminaries and finals on request.
- 5 preliminaries judges
- 7 finals judges
- 1 timer (a second timer may be used as a back-up only)
- 1-2 drop counters (in the event that two drop counters reach different counts, both counts are made available to the judges.)
- 1 scorekeeper
- Stagehands – number to be determined by the Championships Director.
The Championships Director may appoint additional staff if needed.
- hobby jugglers
- professional jugglers
- former juggling competitors
- entertainment establishment owners
- circus owners
- circus / variety arts entertainers
- juggling prop makers
- patrons of the arts
- university theater professors
- booking agents
- talent scouts
- theater producers / directors
- other theater or variety arts professionals, e.g., musicians, choreographers, costumers, etc.
The Championships Director should attempt to diversify as much as possible the panel of finals judges. Judges should not have a close personal relationship with any competitor that would prevent them from assessing all routines fairly. If a judge or competitor feels that a particular judge might have a conflict of interest, then it is that individual’s responsibility to bring the matter to the attention of the Championships Director.
The Championships Director does not participate in the judging of any competitor’s preliminary or final performance and should not influence the judges’ scoring.
All concerns and questions of consequence regarding a specific preliminary or finals event should be addressed to the Championships Director or to an individual designated by the Championships Director, and not to an individual judge or other IJA staff person. Decisions of the Championships Director in all matters regarding the Stage Championships are final.